This is a working list of research literature about transgender people and digital technology, digital and social media, and the Internet, compiled by Oliver Haimson. I am certain that I am missing some important pieces, and I expect this list to grow over time. Please email me with additions, and I will add them to the list.

Disclaimer: I have read most but not all of these pieces, and while most of them are respectful and sensitive to trans people, some are not; yet I include them here for the sake of completeness.

Inclusion criteria: While most of this work is trans-specific, the list includes research about LGBTQ people broadly if more than 20% of participants are trans or non-binary, or if the work is particularly focused on trans issues. The list does not include research about public health technological interventions for MSM and transgender women.

Year Author(s) Title Item Type Publication Title URL Volume Issue Pages DOI
2018 Ahmed, Alex A. Trans Competent Interaction Design: A Qualitative Study on Voice, Identity, and Technology journal article Interacting with Computers [link] 30 1 53-71 10.1093/iwc/iwx018
2015 Barnett, Joshua Trey Fleshy Metamorphosis: Temporal Pedagogies of Transsexual Counterpublics book chapter Transgender Communication Studies: Histories, Trends, and Trajectories (Lexington Books) 155-169
2011 Beemyn, Brett Genny; Rankin, Susan The Lives of Transgender People book Columbia University Press
2017 Beirl, Diana; Zeitlin, Anya; Chan, Jerald; Loh, Kai Ip Alvin; Zhong, Xiaodi GotYourBack: An Internet of Toilets for the Trans* Community conference paper Proceedings of the 2017 CHI Conference Extended Abstracts on Human Factors in Computing Systems [link] 39-45 10.1145/3027063.3049272
2008 Berg, Martin Självets garderobiär: Självreflexiva genuslekar och queer socialpsykologi thesis Lund University [link]
2015 Billingsley, Amy Technology and Narratives of Continuity in Transgender Experiences journal article Feminist Philosophy Quarterly [link] 1 1 10.5206/fpq/2015.1.6
2015 Bivens, Rena The Gender Binary Will Not be Deprogrammed: Ten Years of Coding Gender on Facebook journal article New Media & Society [link] 19 6 880-898 10.1177/1461444815621527
2011 Bremer, Signe Kroppslinjer – Kön, transsexualism och kropp i berättelser om könskorrigering thesis Göteborg University [link]
2017 Brown, Melissa; Ray, Rashawn; Summers, Ed; Fraistat, Neil #SayHerName: a case study of intersectional social media activism journal article Ethnic and Racial Studies [link] 40 11 1831-1846 10.1080/01419870.2017.1334934
2017 Cannon, Yuliya; Speedlin, Stacy; Avera, Joe; Robertson, Derek; Ingram, Mercedes; Prado, Ashely Transition, Connection, Disconnection, and Social Media: Examining the Digital Lived Experiences of Transgender Individuals journal article Journal of LGBT Issues in Counseling [link] 11 2 68-87 10.1080/15538605.2017.1310006
2010 Cárdenas, Micha I am Transreal: A reflection on/of Becoming Dragon book chapter Gender Outlaws: The Next Generation (Da Capo Press) 116-121
2011 Cárdenas, Micha The Transreal: Political Aesthetics of Crossing Realities book Atropos Press
2018 Carrasco, Matthew; Kerne, Andruid Queer Visibility: Supporting LGBT+ Selective Visibility on Social Media conference paper Proceedings of the 2018 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems [link] 10.1145/3173574.3173824
2016 Cavalcante, Andre "I Did It All Online:" Transgender identity and the management of everyday life journal article Critical Studies in Media Communication [link] 33 1 109-122 10.1080/15295036.2015.1129065
2017 Cipolletta, Sabrina; Votadoro, Riccardo; Faccio, Elena Online support for transgender people: an analysis of forums and social networks journal article Health & Social Care in the Community [link] 25 5 1542-551 10.1111/hsc.12448
2017 Costanza-Chock, Sasha; Schweidler, Chris; Transformative Media Organizing Project Toward transformative media organizing: LGBTQ and Two-Spirit media work in the United States journal article Media, Culture & Society [link] 39 2 159-184 10.1177/0163443716674360
2013 Dame, Avery "I’m your hero? Like me?": The role of 'expert' in the trans male vlog journal article Journal of Language and Sexuality [link] 2 1 40-69 10.1075/jls.2.1.02dam
2016 Dame, Avery Making a name for yourself: tagging as transgender ontological practice on Tumblr journal article Critical Studies in Media Communication [link] 33 1 23-37 10.1080/15295036.2015.1130846
2017 Darwin, Helana Doing Gender Beyond the Binary: A Virtual Ethnography journal article Symbolic Interaction [link] 40 3 317-334 10.1002/symb.316
2016 Deutsch, Madeline B. Evaluation of Patient-Oriented, Internet-Based Information on Gender-Affirming Hormone Treatments journal article LGBT Health [link] 3 3 200-207 10.1089/lgbt.2015.0116
2017 Farber, Rebecca ‘Transing’ fitness and remapping transgender male masculinity in online message boards journal article Journal of Gender Studies [link] 26 3 254-268 10.1080/09589236.2016.1250618
2014 Farnel, Megan Kickstarting trans*: The crowdfunding of gender/sexual reassignment surgeries journal article New Media & Society [link] 17 2 215-230 10.1177/1461444814558911
2014 Fink, Marty; Miller, Quinn Trans Media Moments Tumblr, 2011–2013 journal article Television & New Media [link] 15 7 611-626 10.1177/1527476413505002
2016 Fischer, Mia #Free_CeCe: The material convergence of social media activism journal article Feminist Media Studies [link] 16 5 755-771 10.1080/14680777.2016.1140668
2018 Fritz, Niki; Gonzalez, Amy Not the Normal Trans Story: Negotiating Trans Narratives While Crowdfunding at the Margins journal article International Journal of Communication [link] 12
2018 Gatehouse, Cally; Wood, Matthew; Briggs, Jo; Pickles, James; Lawson, Shaun Troubling Vulnerability: Designing with LGBT Young People's Ambivalence Towards Hate Crime Reporting conference paper Proceedings of the 2018 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems [link] 10.1145/3173574.3173683
2004 Gauthier, DeAnn K.; Chaudoir, Nancy K. Tranny boyz: Cyber community support in negotiating sex and gender mobility among female to male transsexuals journal article Deviant Behavior [link] 25 4 375-398 10.1080/01639620490441272
2012 Ghazali, Suriati; Nor, Azilah Mohamad Media roles in male-to-female transsexual identity formation among university students in Malaysia conference paper 2012 International Conference on Humanity, History and Society [link]
2017 Gonzales, Amy; Fritz, Nicole Prioritizing Flexibility and Intangibles: Medical Crowdfunding for Stigmatized Individuals conference paper Proceedings of the 2017 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems [link] 2371-2375 10.1145/3025453.3025647
2018 Haimson, Oliver L. The Social Complexities of Transgender Identity Disclosure on Social Media thesis University of California, Irvine [link]
2015 Haimson, Oliver L.; Bowser, Anne E.; Melcer, Edward F.; Churchill, Elizabeth F. Online Inspiration and Exploration for Identity Reinvention conference paper Proceedings of the 2015 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems [link] 3809–3818 10.1145/2702123.2702270
2016 Haimson, Oliver L.; Brubaker, Jed R.; Dombrowski, Lynn; Hayes, Gillian R. Digital Footprints and Changing Networks During Online Identity Transitions conference paper Proceedings of the 2016 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems [link] 2895–2907 10.1145/2858036.2858136
2015 Haimson, Oliver L.; Brubaker, Jed R.; Dombrowski, Lynn; Hayes, Gillian R. Disclosure, Stress, and Support During Gender Transition on Facebook conference paper Proceedings of the 2015 CSCW Conference on Computer Supported Cooperative Work & Social Computing [link] 1176–1190 10.1145/2675133.2675152
2015 Haimson, Oliver L.; Brubaker, Jed R.; Loder, Courtney; Dombrowski, Lynn; Hayes, Gillian R. User Response to Facebook’s Custom Gender Options conference paper iConference 2015 Proceedings [link]
2017 Haimson, Oliver L.; Hayes, Gillian R. Changes in Social Media Affect, Disclosure, and Sociality for a Sample of Transgender Americans in 2016's Political Climate conference paper Proceedings of the Eleventh International Conference on Web and Social Media [link] 72-81
2015 Haimson, Oliver L.; Hayes, Gillian R. Toward Trans Inclusion in Feminist HCI workshop paper CSCW Workshop on Feminism and Feminist Approaches in Social Computing [link]
2016 Haimson, Oliver L.; Hoffmann, Anna Lauren Constructing and enforcing "authentic" identity online: Facebook, real names, and non-normative identities journal article First Monday [link] 21 6 10.5210/fm.v21i6.6791
2018 Hamidi, Foad; Scheuerman, Morgan Klaus; Branham, Stacy M. Gender Recognition or Gender Reductionism? The Social Implications of Automatic Gender Recognition Systems conference paper Proceedings of the 2018 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems [link] 10.1145/3173574.3173582
2017 Hawkins, Blake; Gieseking, Jack Seeking ways to our transgender bodies, by ourselves: Rationalizing transgender-specific health information behaviors journal article Proceedings of the Association for Information Science and Technology [link] 54 1 702-704 10.1002/pra2.2017.14505401122
2002 Hegland, Jane E.; Nelson, Nancy J. Cross-Dressers in Cyber-Space: Exploring the Internet as a Tool for Expressing Gendered Identity journal article International Journal of Sexuality and Gender Studies [link] 7 3-Feb 139-161 10.1023/A:1015845100237
2016 Heinz, matthew Entering Transmasculinity: The Inevitability of Discourse book Intellect Press
2011 Heinz, matthew Transmen on the Web: Inscribing Multiple Discourses book chapter The Handbook of Gender, Sex and Media (John Wiley & Sons)
2005 Hill, Darryl B. Coming to terms: Using technology to know identity journal article Sexuality and Culture [link] 9 3 24-52 10.1007/s12119-005-1013-x
2017 Hoffmann, Anna Lauren Data, Technology, and Gender: Thinking About (And From) Trans Lives book chapter Spaces for the Future: A Companion to Philosophy of Technology (Routledge)
2014 Horak, Laura Trans on YouTube Intimacy, Visibility, Temporality journal article TSQ: Transgender Studies Quarterly [link] 1 4 572-585 10.1215/23289252-2815255
2008 Hussain, Zaheer; Griffiths, Mark D. Gender Swapping and Socializing in Cyberspace: An Exploratory Study journal article CyberPsychology & Behavior [link] 11 1 47-53 10.1089/cpb.2007.0020
2017 Jackson, Sarah J; Bailey, Moya; Foucault Welles, Brooke #GirlsLikeUs: Trans advocacy and community building online journal article New Media & Society [link] 10.1177/1461444817709276
2018 Jaroszewski, Samantha; Lottridge, Danielle; Haimson, Oliver L.; Quehl, Katie “Genderfluid” or “Attack Helicopter”: Responsible HCI Practice with Non-Binary Gender Variation in Online Communities conference paper Proceedings of the 2018 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems [link] 10.1145/3173574.3173881
2017 Jenzen, Olu Trans youth and social media: moving between counterpublics and the wider web journal article Gender, Place & Culture [link] 1-16 10.1080/0966369X.2017.1396204
2011 Kannabiran, Gopinaath Themself: Critical Analysis of Gender in Facebook workshop paper Feminism and Interaction Design Workshop at CHI 2011 [link]
2014 Kopas, Merritt Trans Women & The New Hypertext essay Lambda Literary [link]
2015 Krueger, Evan A.; Young, Sean D. Twitter: A Novel Tool for Studying the Health and Social Needs of Transgender Communities journal article JMIR Mental Health [link] 2 2 10.2196/mental.4113
2017 Mackenzie, Lars Z. The Afterlife of Data Identity, Surveillance, and Capitalism in Trans Credit Reporting journal article TSQ: Transgender Studies Quarterly [link] 4 1 45-60 10.1215/23289252-3711529
2014 Marciano, Avi Living the VirtuReal: Negotiating Transgender Identity in Cyberspace journal article Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication [link] 19 4 824-838 10.1111/jcc4.12081
2018 Marshall, Zack; Brunger, Fern; Welch, Vivian; Shabnam, Asghari; Kaposy, Chris Open Availability of Patient Medical Photographs in Google Images Search Results: Cross-Sectional Study of Transgender Research journal article Journal of Medical Internet Research [link] 20 2 10.2196/jmir.8787
2015 McInroy, Lauren B.; Craig, Shelley L. Transgender Representation in Offline and Online Media: LGBTQ Youth Perspectives journal article Journal of Human Behavior in the Social Environment [link] 25 6 606-617 10.1080/10911359.2014.995392
2017 Miller, Brandon; Behm-Morawitz, Elizabeth Exploring social television, opinion leaders, and Twitter audience reactions to Diane Sawyer's coming out interview with Caitlyn Jenner journal article International Journal of Transgenderism [link] 18 2 10.1080/15532739.2016.1260513
2017 Miller, Jordan Forrest "I Wanna Know Where the Rule Book Is": YouTube as a Site of Counternarratives to Transnormativity thesis Georgia State University [link]
2017 Miller, Ryan A. "My Voice Is Definitely Strongest in Online Communities": Students Using Social Media for Queer and Disability Identity-Making journal article Journal of College Student Development [link] 58 4 10.1353/csd.2017.0040
2016 Oakley, Abigail Disturbing Hegemonic Discourse: Nonbinary Gender and Sexual Orientation Labeling on Tumblr journal article Social Media + Society [link] 2 3 10.1177/2056305116664217
2015 Pohjanen, Aira Maria; Kortelainen, Terttu Anna Maarit Transgender information behaviour journal article Journal of Documentation [link] 72 1 172-190 10.1108/JD-04-2015-0043
2014 Prosser, Jay Digital Trans video YouTube [link]
2010 Raun, Tobias Screen-Births: Exploring the Transformative Potential in Trans Video Blogs journal article Graduate Journal of Social Science [link] 7 2 113-30
2015 Raun, Tobias Video blogging as a vehicle of transformation: Exploring the intersection between trans identity and information technology journal article International Journal of Cultural Studies [link] 18 3 365-378 10.1177/1367877913513696
2017 Raun, Tobias; Keegan, Cáel Nothing to Hide: Selfies, Sex, and the Visibility Dilemma in Trans Male Online Cultures book chapter Sex in the Digital Age (Routledge)
2014 Rawson, K.J. Transgender Worldmaking in Cyberspace: Historical Activism on the Internet journal article QED: A Journal in GLBTQ Worldmaking [link] 1 2 38-60 10.14321/qed.1.2.0038
2004 Shapiro, Eve 'Trans'cending Barriers journal article Journal of Gay & Lesbian Social Services [link] 16 4-Mar 165-179 10.1300/J041v16n03_11
2010 Shapiro, Eve Gender Circuits: Bodies and Identities in a Technological Age book Routledge
2012 Siebler, Kay Transgender Transitions: Sex/Gender Binaries in the Digital Age journal article Journal of Gay & Lesbian Mental Health [link] 16 1 74-99 10.1080/19359705.2012.632751
1994 Stone, Allucquère Rosanne Split Subjects, Not Atoms; or, How I Fell in Love with My Prosthesis journal article Configurations [link] 2 1 173-190 10.1353/con.1994.0016
1987 Stone, Allucquère Rosanne (Sandy) The Empire Strikes Back: A Posttranssexual Manifesto document N/A [link]
1995 Stone, Allucquère Rosanne The War of Desire and Technology at the Close of the Mechanical Age book MIT Press
2017 Vivienne, Son "I will not hate myself because you cannot accept me": Problematizing empowerment and gender-diverse selfies journal article Popular Communication [link] 15 2 126-140 10.1080/15405702.2016.1269906
2017 Wargo, Jon M. #donttagyourhate: Reading Collecting and Curating as Genres of Participation in LGBT Youth Activism on Tumblr journal article Digital Culture & Education [link] 9 1 14-30
2017 Wargo, Jon M. “Every selfie tells a story …”: LGBTQ youth lifestreams and new media narratives as connective identity texts journal article New Media & Society [link] 19 4 560-578 10.1177/1461444815612447
1998 Whittle, Stephen The Trans-Cyberian Mail Way journal article Social & Legal Studies [link] 7 3 389-408 10.1177/096466399800700304
2016 Williams, Melvin L. "I Don't Belong in Here!" A Social Media Analysis of Digital Protest, Transgender Rights, and International Restroom Legislation book chapter Social Media: Culture and Identity (Lexington Books)